USA, Europe and Japan – Consuming almost all the illegal drugs… and enjoying almost all the profits…
Facts and figures on drugs and drug trafficking:
- 200 million, or 5 percent of the world’s population — number of people worldwide aged 15-64 who have used drugs at least once in the last 12 months.
- 44 percent — North America’s share of worldwide drug purchases.
- 33 percent — Europe’s share of worldwide drug purchases.
- 76 percent — share of total drug profits generated in industrialized countries.
- 1 percent — share of profits earned by producers of cocaine and heroin in developing nations.
- $13 billion — estimated value of global illicit drug market in 2003 at production level.
- $94 billion — estimated value at the wholesale level.
- $322 billion — estimated value at retail level.
- $70.5 billion — estimated value of cocaine alone at retail level.
- $17 billion — value of exports worldwide of wine in 2003.
- $6 billion — value of exports worldwide of coffee.
- $65.2 million — 1972 Drug Enforcement Administration budget.
- 2,775 — 1972 number of DEA employees.
- $2.1 billion — 2005 DEA budget.
- 10,894 — 2005 number of DEA employees.
- 125,921 — number of emergency room visits in U.S. in second half of 2003 in which cocaine was a factor.
- Billions of dollars of laundered money flow through OECD banks and their financial pipelines making “unnoticed” stops at friendly fiscal paradise islands around the world.
- Sulfuric acid, gasoline or kerosene, ether, ammonia, acetone — substances used to convert coca leaves into cocaine. Many of these substances are produced in, and commercialized by, industrialized countries’ companies.
Sources: U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime; Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN); DEA; The Associated Press (Mon Nov 7,12:13 PM ET)